Журнал Российского общества по неразрушающему контролю и технической диагностике
The journal of the Russian society for non-destructive testing and technical diagnostic
 
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07 | 12 | 2021
2021, 09 September

DOI: 10.14489/td.2021.09.pp.016-025

Markov A. A., Maksimova E. A.
PROBLEMS OF HIGH-SPEED RAIL FLAW DETECTION
(pp. 16-25)

Abstract. The main factors that reduce the quality of non-destructive testing of rails during high-speed scanning are considered. The most significant factors are the quality and volume of obtaining primary information about the condition of the monitored rails. It is shown that, at high-speed (up to 120 km/h) control, the compression of the defect location zone is clearly manifested and the length of the areas with acoustic contact violations increases. Analysis of real flaw diagrams of diagnostic complexes shows that with an increase in the scanning speed, the length of the location zone even from such large reflectors in the rails, such as bolt holes, significantly decreases. The average length of the instability zone of the bottom signal over the welded joints of the rails also increases significantly. The compression of the location zones of the reflectors can be compensated by expanding the aperture of the ultrasonic transducers. Improving the quality of the acoustic contact requires further improvement of the design of the search system and the systems for supplying the contacting liquid to the transducers, depending on the scanning speed. The Magnetic Flux Leakage(MFL) method can effectively detect defects in the rail head up to 20 mm deep at high speeds. Mathematical modeling of the magnetic flux in the controlled rails is performed. This allows us to start creating a new rail magnetization system with an increased interpole distance for high speeds. The introduction of modern methods for processing a significant flow of flaw detection information using neural networks requires the formation of a large sample base of training signals from real defects in different sections of rails. This is a complex task in its own right. For the first time, the issues of checking the operability of flaw detection devices in real control conditions are raised. Testing of ultrasonic equipment at high speeds is proposed to be carried out with the help of special electronic-acoustic simulators of defects. They are installed on different surfaces of the rails on which the diagnostic complexes pass. Operational quality control of ultrasonic rail inspection can be evaluated by statistical analysis of signal parameters from structural elements (bolt holes). The choice between the monitoring performance and the required reliability of detecting rail defects must be made based on the results of real passes of diagnostic complexes at operating scanning speeds.

Keywords: high-speed rail testing, diagnostic complex, carflaw detector, ultrasonic flaw detection, acoustic contact, magnetic method, welded joints of rails, automatic decryption of B-scan, integral parameter.

A. A. Markov, E. A. Maksimova (Radioavionica JSC, St. Petersburg, Russia) E-mail: Данный адрес e-mail защищен от спам-ботов, Вам необходимо включить Javascript для его просмотра. , Данный адрес e-mail защищен от спам-ботов, Вам необходимо включить Javascript для его просмотра.  

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